September 28, 2014 will go down in history for the Indian-American community. Never before has an Indian Prime Minister, or perhaps any foreign head of state, been greeted by a diaspora in the United States with such powerful fanfare as what I witnessed today for Narendra Modi in Madison Square Garden. The venue was electric with excitement, emotion, and pure joy. And when Modi stepped up to bat, he did not disappoint. The crowd wanted a rock star, and they got one. He hit the ball out of the park: the speech was a home run, or a sixer depending on your point of view. Time and again, the applause from the sold-out crowd of 20,000+ was deafening. In international relations, and in particular in a US-India relationship that has often been fraught with disappointment, these moments are exceedingly rare. I am not given to hyperbole, and am very much a realist when it comes to problems. But it would be impossible for anyone in attendance at Madison Square Garden today not to feel the sense of POSSIBILITY: in India, in the Indian-American community, and in the US-India relationship.
Miss America Nina Dhavuluri and PBS anchor Hari Sreenivasan were the MCs. The event kicked off with the usual song and dance numbers we come to see at diaspora weddings and festivals. One act we do not usually see was a fantastic jugulbandi, or dueling violinists accompanying talented Indian classical singer Kavitha Krishnamurty, next to a skilled speed-painter who quickly and dramatically created a profile of Modi using paintbrushes in both hands to great applause.
A number of VIPs were in attendance, including over 30 Congresspeople and Senators from both political parties, along with Indian-American Governor Nikki Haley. Chants of USA! USA! were shouted while they were being introduced on stage just before Modi’s arrival.
When Modi finally came out on stage, things went up several notches. The roar from the crowd was nearly deafening. Something truly special was in the air. In India during the campaign season, many Indians may have experienced a similar feeling. But no crowd in America had ever been a part of the Modi madness till this moment. It’s hard to believe that for most of the last 10 years, Modi was not even allowed to visit America due to a visa ban by the US government. But that made the moment all the more special.
One could see the love in Modi’s eyes for the crowd when he came out with his hands in the namaste gesture. He is a very natural speaker, and he talks confidently in a conversational tone. He can speak of serious things in a humorous and humble way. Every few lines drew thunderous applause. When you hear Modi talk about India’s unlimited potential to lead the world, he does not have an ounce of doubt, so absolute is his confidence in India (and himself). I was struck at the similarities to Obama when he arrived in office for the first time.
– Modi started the speech off with a healthy respect for how difficult progress for India will be, considering widespread problems. “The darkness is profound, but that doesn’t mean we can’t light a lamp.”
– Modi recounted a time when a Chinese interpreter asked him if India was a land of snake charmers. He responded that now Indians are playing with the mouse unlike our ancestors.
– A theme Modi liked referring to was the three attributes that will make India’s rise happen: democracy, demographics (with 65% of the population under 35) and demand- the enormous size of India’s consumer base that dwarfs all others except China.
– He discussed skill development, and how a skilled India can provide services to the entire world.
– Modi said he will never stop doing big things for small people, as he is after all a small person. He spoke of “repaying the loan” the people of India have blessed him with, by producing for them. He also referred to loan repayment when it came to members of the diaspora helping their mother country.
– Interestingly, Modi welcomed members of the diaspora to move back to India, as Gandhi did in January 1915 from South Africa.
– In a tip of the hat to Martin Luther King, Jr. he said he has a dream that by 2022- India’s 75th anniversary of independence, all Indians will have a home.
– The speech was not just platitudes. There were concrete steps discussed. Noteworthy initiatives included: merging the PIO and OCI consular schemes, allowing Americans to get a visa-on-arrival at Indian airports, cleaning of the Ganges River, and a reiteration of the government’s commitment to offering online services while eliminating the many useless laws in place.
The event wasn’t perfect. The English subtitles screened on the Jumbotron for Modi’s Hindi speech were slow and full of mistakes. For some reason, the American national anthem was sung twice in a row, rather strange but benign. Protesters outside the venue on 7th Ave. savaged Modi for the 2002 riots in Gujurat. And Modi, during several minutes standing with over 30 prominent U.S. politicians, did not greet or shake hands with any of them (to be fair, he is meeting with most of them separately, but it would have been a nice sybolic gesture in front of the crowd).
The event was most of all, a triumph for the Indian-American community, which often longs for home and to connect to its leader. The Indian American Community Foundation, a newly formed entity that drew on the partnership of 400 other diaspora organizations around the United States and Canada, pulled off a day it can be proud of.
For years I have been waiting for a turning point in US-India relations. It’s too early to tell, but Modi’s current visit to the United States just may prove to be when the corner has been turned. He was treated as a rock star in Central Park at the Global Citizens Festival, where Hugh Jackman and Modi held hands above their heads. Modi also spoke to the UN General Assembly as a recognized world leader. There is no question that momentum is on Modi’s side. Can it continue? For now, the keyword is still possibility, not reality.
More this week as we observe Obama’s meetings with Modi- and what policy ramifications come from it.
Mahanth S. Joishy is Editor of usindiamonitor
usindiamonitor is excited to launch a brand new feature called “Sunday Masala,”a weekly digest of the most important developments taking place now in the US-India bilateral relationship. Besides quick and unbiased analysis of each issue, Sunday Masala will also present a section called “Trend Spotting” if warranted, to inform readers of critical short or long term trajectories to watch out for in this sphere.
Sunday Masala is a unique resource, and the only one you will need to stay well-informed of the fast moving, always interesting action in US-India relations. We added a traffic light image to show if developments are positive (green), negative (red), or yellow (unknown) for the relationship. So, what happened this last week?
1) Indian-Americans prepare for- and fight over- Narendra Modi. Prime Minister Modi will be in the United States for his first visit as head of state next month. Besides Washington, he will also be in New York City, and on his schedule besides the UN General Assembly is a pep rally of up to 20,000 people to be hosted by the Indo-American community at Madison Square Garden on September 28th. Indian prime ministers usually conduct meetings with the Indian diaspora when they travel abroad, but the Madison Square event, if it gets pulled off, could be the largest such event by far. The New York/ New Jersey area’s diaspora members are leading the effort.
There are hopes for substantive progress from Modi meeting with Indian-American community leaders, such as creating a new think tank focused on US-India relations, launching a pro-alliance lobby group, and arranging a delegation of US officials to India. Many are keen to see if he lives up to his rock-star billing in America as he has already done at massive rallies in India.
In typical fashion, the embarrassingly fragmented and tribal Indian-American community is also fighting over control of the event.
2) Modi will not address a joint session of US Congress. Related to Modi’s visit, it is often considered an honor for foreign leaders to be invited to the United States Congress to speak to both members of the House and Senate. However, this year it is not to be, due to scheduling conflicts on the American side. Specifically, many Congresspeople will be in the thick of campaigning for the November elections in late September when Modi is in Washington. Boehner has invited Modi to do so at a future date and said it was not a snub. In reality it is not, but will it be perceived that way? This may also give Modi more time to speak with President Obama and his people within the US executive branch.
3) Will a US immigration bill cause India to lose $30 billion per year? An immigration bill with a clause aimed at curbing outsourcing has made the rounds in Congress. S744 is a bill about immigration reform, mainly focused on Hispanics receiving citizenship and legitimacy. The Indian American Advisory Council of the House Republican Conference (IAAC) claims it will cost the Indian GDP $30 billion per year. The story has gotten a lot of play this week, especially in the Indian media. According to India West:
The bill bans placement of H-1B or L-1 visa holders at client firms if they form more than 15% of the firm’s American workforce. It also limits to 50% the proportion of H-1B and L-1 visa workers relative to a firm’s total employees in the U.S. by the financial year 2017 ,starting October 2016.
The law sounds truly frightening. However in reality, there is nothing for India to worry about at the moment because no bill of any substance is being passed by the do-nothing U.S. Congress for the foreseeable future. For now, this gets a yellow traffic light.
Mahanth S. Joishy is Editor of usindiamonitor